You must discuss, quote, and cite the assigned course readings in your response. Answer all three questions, make sure to separate the questions and 1-2 page answer for each question. Use Creation of the Media by Paul Starr to answer these question. Chapter one only. 1. What was the relationship between printing, literacy and the religious upheavals of the Sixteenth century? What role did print play in the confrontation between the Church and the Protestant Reformation? Describe the Church’s reaction to the spread of printing and literacy. Explain the conflict over the Bible. Describe the role of religious reformers in the spread of literacy and printing. (Use chapter 1 of Starr) 2. In the first chapter of Starr’s Creation of the Media, the author declares that communications “underwent a radical transformation” during the 17th and 18th centuries but “not because of any revolution in communications technology. Briefly describe this “enormous” change in communications and the “new sphere of public information, public debate and public opinion” that emerged as a result. If technological innovation was not the primary cause for this transformation, what was? 3. Using Starr, chapter 1, “Early Modern Origins,” explain what was new and important about the “defacto public sphere” that arises in 17th-18th century Europe? What was the relationship between centralized state power and the public sphere? What made this “defacto public sphere” possible? And what did it in turn make possible?